In my lessons, I often talk about the Standard American Accent. This accent is also called the General American Accent.
You can learn more about this accent here, but basically, it’s the most neutral accent that is not associated with any part of the country and it’s usually the goal for a person who wants to change their accent through an accent reduction or accent modification program.
But did you know that The Standard American Accent is constantly changing?
The standard accent you learn or teach today will not and should not be the standard accent you are learning or teaching in 10-15 years.
Check out this clip of Standard American Accent Goddess and Oscar winner for Best Actress in 1946, Miss Joan Crawford as Mildred Pierce. She is speaking with the Standard American Accent of that time.
Now, Joanhad some major speech training (as did all of the major MGM stars of that time, especially the women) so there are absolutely no traces of her native Texan accent when she speaks.
Notice that she almost sounds English. You know, like British English. This accent is also sometimes called the Trans-Atlantic Accent, but it was the Standard American Accent in 1946, when this film was made.
As you listen to Joan speak, pay attention to the Vowel+R combinations (she pronounces “hard” as /HAHD/, eliminating the /R/) and the vowel /AE/ (she replaces it with an /EH/, so “had”=/HEHD/ and “perhaps”=/peh-HEHPS/.) The /T/ sound in the middle of words is not quite a /T/ and not quite a /D/, it’s a different sound that’s kind of a blend of /T/ and /D/ when she says “Monty.”
Love it. This is my all-time favorite accent. I could watch that all day. Sigh.
Even if you don’t notice specific sounds, I’m sure you can tell that it does not sound like the pronunciation and accent of an actress today.
Now, compare that with this clip of the Best Actress winner of 2017, Emma Stone. Can you hear the differences?
Totally different! But still considered standard. In fact, I think Emma Stone would be a great speech model for a younger woman (maybe 18- 38) who wants a clear, yet contemporary way of speaking English. She sounds hip, but still polished and easy to understand.
There are trends in speech, just like there are trends in fashion. As other parts of our lives get more casual, our pronunciation follows. Keeping this in mind will keep you and your students sounding like real people, not speech robots.
Though it’s always effective to pull out that Joan Crawford accent when you really need to make point. You’ll know when you need it…